英語4技能対策

Topic Discussion for Intermediate & Advance- English Site

Japanese Site

★ All instructors will be responsible for this course.

 

Course Name: Topic Discussion for Intermediate & Advanced

Level: Intermediate to Advanced – CEFR B1 ~ C1, EIKEN G-Pre-1 ~ 1, TOEIC 600 ~ 900

Number of Lessons:   50 lessons (Please take as many as you need)

Features & Benefits of the Course:

☑ Discuss topics such as science, culture, arts, and social issues with the instructor.
☑ Become able to express your opinions and arguments in English on high-level topics.
☑ The lesson time will be focused on speaking about the topic.
☑Improve your speaking test scores in IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, EIKEN Grade 1 and Pre-1, etc.


 Lesson Activities:

1 .Read a short explanation about a topic.
2. Learn five expressions and vocabulary items commonly used in the topic.
3. Create short sentences using the learned expressions and vocabulary.
4. After answering questions about the topic, engage in a discussion with the instructor.

Lesson Contents

Lesson 1. Environmental Issues (環境問題)
Lesson 2. Globalization and Its Effects (グローバリゼーションとその影響)
Lesson 3. Artificial Intelligence and Society (人工知能と社会)
Lesson 4. Mental Health Awareness (メンタルヘルスの認識)
Lesson 5. The Future of Work (働き方の未来)
Lesson 6. Climate Change Solutions (気候変動の解決策)
Lesson 7. Cultural Diversity (文化的多様性)
Lesson 8. Space Exploration (宇宙探査)
Lesson 9. Sustainable Living Practices (持続可能な生活慣行)
Lesson 10. Technological Advancements and Ethics (技術進歩と倫理)
Lesson 11. Education Systems Around the World (世界の教育制度)
Lesson 12. Gender Equality (ジェンダー平等)
Lesson 13. The Impact of Social Media (ソーシャルメディアの影響)
Lesson 14. Urbanization and Its Challenges (都市化とその課題)
Lesson 15. Renewable Energy Sources (再生可能エネルギー源)
Lesson 16. Animal Rights and Conservation (動物の権利と保護)
Lesson 17. The Digital Divide (デジタルディバイド)
Lesson 18. Health and Nutrition (健康と栄養)
Lesson 19. Immigration and Multiculturalism (移民と多文化主義)
Lesson 20. The Role of the United Nations (国連の役割)
Lesson 21. Cybersecurity Threats (サイバーセキュリティの脅威)
Lesson 22. Economic Crises and Recovery (経済危機と回復)
Lesson 23. The Ethics of Genetic Engineering (遺伝子工学の倫理)
Lesson 24. The Influence of Music on Culture (音楽が文化に与える影響)
Lesson 25. Public vs. Private Education (公教育と私教育)
Lesson 26. The Future of Transportation (交通の未来)
Lesson 27. The Gig Economy (ギグエコノミー)
Lesson 28. Waste Management and Recycling (廃棄物管理とリサイクル)
Lesson 29. Water Scarcity and Conservation (水不足と保全)
Lesson 30. The Rise of Virtual Reality (仮想現実の台頭)
Lesson 31. Social Entrepreneurship (社会起業家精神)
Lesson 32. The Evolution of Language (言語の進化)
Lesson 33. Human Rights Issues (人権問題)
Lesson 34. The Impact of Tourism (観光の影響)
Lesson 35. Digital Education and Online Learning (デジタル教育とオンライン学習)
Lesson 36. The Role of Art in Society (社会における芸術の役割)
Lesson 37. The Changing Nature of Families (家族の形の変化)
Lesson 38. Food Security and Agriculture (食料安全保障と農業)
Lesson 39. The Psychology of Happiness (幸福の心理学)
Lesson 40. The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (人工知能の倫理)
Lesson 41. Global Health Challenges (グローバルヘルスの課題)
Lesson 42. The Future of Cryptocurrencies (仮想通貨の未来)
Lesson 43. Sports and Society (スポーツと社会)
Lesson 44. Sustainable Fashion (持続可能なファッション)
Lesson 45. The Role of Media in Democracy (民主主義におけるメディアの役割)
Lesson 46. The Impact of Global Warming on Biodiversity

      (地球温暖化が生物多様性に与える影響)
Lesson 47. The Future of Food: Biotechnology and GMOs

      (食の未来:バイオテクノロジーと遺伝子組換え)
Lesson 48. The Influence of Advertising on Consumer Behavior

      (広告が消費者行動に与える影響)
Lesson 49. The Role of Technology in Education (教育における技術の役割)
Lesson 50. Privacy and Data Protection (プライバシーとデータ保護)

Lesson 50. Privacy and Data Protection (プライバシーとデータ保護)

Lesson 50. Privacy and Data Protection (プライバシーとデータ保護)

▮ Explanatory Text:

In the digital age, privacy and data protection have become paramount concerns as individuals and organizations navigate the complexities of online information sharing. With the proliferation of internet usage, social media, and digital transactions, vast amounts of personal data are collected, stored, and analyzed by various entities. This raises significant issues regarding consent, security, and the rights of individuals to control their personal information. Data protection laws, such as the GDPR in the European Union, aim to safeguard personal data and ensure that entities handling data adhere to strict privacy standards. This topic explores the importance of privacy and data protection, the challenges posed by technological advancements, and the measures individuals and organizations can take to secure personal information in the digital realm.

▮ Common Phrases:

Personal data includes…
Cybersecurity measures are essential for…
Consent in data collection means…
Data breaches can result in…
The right to be forgotten is a principle that…
▮ Example Sentences:

Personal data includes information such as names, addresses, email addresses, and financial details.
Cybersecurity measures are essential for protecting personal data from unauthorized access and cyberattacks.
Consent in data collection means that individuals have agreed to share their information under clear terms.
Data breaches can result in the loss of privacy, identity theft, and financial fraud.
The right to be forgotten is a principle that allows individuals to have their personal data deleted from certain records.
▮ Questions:

Why is privacy important in the digital age, and what risks are associated with the collection and use of personal data?

This question encourages learners to discuss the value of privacy and the potential consequences of personal data misuse.
How do data protection laws, like GDPR, impact individuals and businesses?

Participants explore the implications of data protection regulations for personal privacy and organizational responsibilities.
What measures can individuals take to protect their privacy online?

This prompts a discussion on practical steps individuals can implement to safeguard their personal information on the internet.
Discuss the ethical considerations companies must navigate when collecting and using consumer data.

Learners examine the ethical dilemmas and responsibilities of companies in the context of data privacy.
How might advancements in technology, such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things, challenge existing privacy protections?

This question invites speculation on future privacy challenges and the adequacy of current data protection measures against emerging technologies.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a recent case of a data breach or a controversial data collection practice by a well-known company. Discuss the details of the case, including the nature of the data involved, how the breach or practice came to light, and the consequences for individuals and the company. Reflect on the lessons learned and the implications for privacy and data protection standards.

Lesson 49. The Role of Technology in Education (教育における技術の役割)

Lesson 49. The Role of Technology in Education (教育における技術の役割)

▮ Explanatory Text:

The integration of technology into education has transformed teaching and learning processes, making education more accessible, engaging, and personalized. Technology in education, or EdTech, encompasses a wide range of tools and practices, including online learning platforms, digital textbooks, educational apps, and virtual reality experiences. These technologies support a variety of learning styles, facilitate remote education, and provide students with vast resources and interactive content. However, the digital divide and the effective integration of technology into curricula pose challenges. This topic explores how technology enhances educational outcomes, the challenges of implementing technology in education, and the future prospects of EdTech.

▮ Common Phrases:

Digital literacy skills are essential for…
Personalized learning experiences can be created through…
The digital divide highlights disparities in…
Interactive learning tools engage students by…
The future of education technology may include…
▮ Example Sentences:

Digital literacy skills are essential for navigating today’s technology-driven world.
Personalized learning experiences can be created through adaptive learning software that tailors content to individual student needs.
The digital divide highlights disparities in access to technology and internet connectivity among different socioeconomic groups.
Interactive learning tools engage students by incorporating multimedia elements and gamification into lessons.
The future of education technology may include advancements in artificial intelligence, augmented reality, and blockchain for secure and transparent educational records.
▮ Questions:

How does technology enhance the learning experience for students?

This question encourages learners to discuss the benefits of technology in education, including increased engagement and accessibility.
What are the challenges of integrating technology into educational settings, and how can they be addressed?

Participants explore the obstacles to effective EdTech integration and strategies for overcoming these challenges.
How can technology bridge the gap in educational access and quality across different regions and demographics?

This prompts a discussion on the role of technology in mitigating educational inequalities.
What ethical considerations arise with the use of technology in education, particularly regarding data privacy and screen time?

Learners examine the ethical issues related to technology use in education, focusing on student privacy and health.
Discuss the potential future developments in education technology and their implications for teaching and learning.

This question invites learners to speculate on future EdTech innovations and their potential impact on the educational landscape.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a specific technology or educational tool that interests you, such as a learning management system, an educational app, or a virtual classroom platform. Discuss its features, how it supports learning, and any challenges associated with its use. Reflect on how this technology represents broader trends in EdTech and its potential to shape future educational experiences.

Lesson 48. The Influence of Advertising on Consumer Behavior (広告が消費者行動に与える影響)

Lesson 48. The Influence of Advertising on Consumer Behavior (広告が消費者行動に与える影響)

▮ Explanatory Text:

Advertising is a powerful tool that shapes consumer perceptions and behaviors. It not only informs consumers about products and services but also persuades them, often tapping into emotions and values to influence purchasing decisions. Through various media channels, including TV, online platforms, and print, advertisers deploy strategies such as celebrity endorsements, emotional appeals, and social proof to create brand awareness and loyalty. However, the pervasive nature of advertising also raises questions about consumer autonomy, the promotion of materialistic values, and the impact on societal norms and health. This topic explores how advertising influences consumer choices, the psychological mechanisms at play, and the ethical considerations in advertising practices.

▮ Common Phrases:

Advertising strategies often utilize…
Celebrity endorsements can influence consumers by…
Emotional appeals in advertising seek to…
The concept of social proof in advertising involves…
Ethical advertising practices include…
▮ Example Sentences:

Advertising strategies often utilize persuasive techniques to highlight product benefits and unique features.
Celebrity endorsements can influence consumers by associating a product with a well-known and admired individual.
Emotional appeals in advertising seek to connect with viewers on a personal level, eliciting feelings that drive purchasing decisions.
The concept of social proof in advertising involves showcasing popular acceptance or widespread use of a product to encourage others to buy.
Ethical advertising practices include transparency, honesty, and respect for consumer intelligence and autonomy.
▮ Questions:

How do different advertising strategies affect consumer purchasing decisions?

This question encourages learners to discuss the impact of various advertising techniques on consumer behavior and choices.
What role does psychology play in advertising, and how are consumers influenced at a subconscious level?

Participants explore the psychological aspects of advertising, including how ads target subconscious desires and fears.
How can consumers become more informed and critical viewers of advertising?

This prompts a discussion on media literacy and strategies for analyzing and interpreting advertising messages critically.
Discuss the ethical considerations in advertising, particularly in relation to vulnerable populations such as children.

Learners examine the ethical boundaries of advertising, focusing on the protection of vulnerable groups from manipulative practices.
What impact does advertising have on societal norms and values, and how does it reflect or shape culture?

This question invites learners to reflect on the broader cultural and societal effects of advertising, including its role in promoting certain lifestyles or ideals.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose an advertising campaign that you find particularly compelling or problematic. Discuss its objectives, the strategies it employs, and its impact on consumer behavior and societal perceptions. Reflect on the ethical implications of the campaign and consider how it exemplifies larger trends in advertising and consumer culture.

Lesson 47. The Future of Food: Biotechnology and GMOs (食の未来:バイオテクノロジーと遺伝子組換え)

Lesson 47. The Future of Food: Biotechnology and GMOs (食の未来:バイオテクノロジーと遺伝子組換え)

▮ Explanatory Text:

The future of food is being shaped by advances in biotechnology, including the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). These technologies offer the potential to increase food production, enhance nutritional value, and reduce the environmental impact of agriculture by creating crops that are more resistant to pests, diseases, and changing climate conditions. However, the use of GMOs in agriculture also raises important ethical, health, and environmental concerns. These include questions about the long-term safety of GMO foods for human consumption, the impact on biodiversity, and the potential for increased pesticide use. This topic explores the scientific, ethical, and social dimensions of biotechnology and GMOs in the context of global food security, sustainability, and consumer choice.

▮ Common Phrases:

Genetically modified crops can…
The debate over GMO safety revolves around…
Biotechnology in agriculture aims to…
Ethical considerations of GMOs include…
Consumer attitudes towards GMO foods vary due to…
▮ Example Sentences:

Genetically modified crops can yield more produce with fewer inputs, such as water and fertilizers.
The debate over GMO safety revolves around concerns for human health and environmental impact.
Biotechnology in agriculture aims to address challenges such as nutrient deficiencies and crop resilience to stressors.
Ethical considerations of GMOs include issues of patenting life forms and the rights of farmers.
Consumer attitudes towards GMO foods vary due to factors like environmental concerns and food labeling.
▮ Questions:

What are the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of GMOs in agriculture?

This question encourages learners to explore both sides of the GMO debate, considering the advantages for food security and potential drawbacks.
How does biotechnology address global challenges such as climate change and food scarcity?

Participants discuss the role of biotechnology in creating resilient food systems that can adapt to changing environmental conditions.
What ethical issues arise from the development and use of GMOs, and how are they being addressed?

This prompts a discussion on the ethical dimensions of GMO use, including intellectual property rights and access to technology.
How do consumer perceptions of GMOs influence food choices and agricultural policies?

Learners examine the impact of public opinion on GMO acceptance and the implications for policy and market dynamics.
Discuss the role of regulation and safety assessments in ensuring the responsible use of biotechnology in the food supply.

This question invites learners to reflect on the importance of regulatory frameworks in maintaining food safety and public trust in biotechnology.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a specific aspect of biotechnology or a GMO product that interests you, such as a genetically modified crop designed to combat vitamin deficiencies or withstand drought conditions. Discuss its development, potential benefits, and the controversies or challenges it faces. Reflect on how this technology represents broader trends in the future of food, considering sustainability, health, and ethical considerations.

Lesson 46. The Impact of Global Warming on Biodiversity (地球温暖化が生物多様性に与える影響)

Lesson 46. The Impact of Global Warming on Biodiversity (地球温暖化が生物多様性に与える影響)

▮ Explanatory Text:

Global warming, driven by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation, is leading to significant changes in the Earth’s climate. These changes have profound effects on biodiversity, the variety of life on Earth, from genes and species to ecosystems. Rising temperatures, shifting weather patterns, and changing landscapes are altering habitats and threatening the survival of many species. The loss of biodiversity not only diminishes the beauty and variety of natural life but also undermines the resilience of ecosystems, affecting ecosystem services that humans rely on, such as pollination, water purification, and carbon sequestration. This topic explores the ways in which global warming impacts biodiversity, the potential long-term consequences for natural systems and human well-being, and the importance of conservation efforts to mitigate these impacts.

▮ Common Phrases:

Climate change alters habitats by…
Species at risk from global warming include…
The loss of biodiversity affects ecosystem services by…
Conservation efforts to combat the effects of global warming involve…
Sustainable practices can help reduce global warming and protect biodiversity by…
▮ Example Sentences:

Climate change alters habitats by increasing temperatures, which can force species to migrate to cooler areas.
Species at risk from global warming include polar bears, coral reefs, and mountain-dwelling animals.
The loss of biodiversity affects ecosystem services by reducing nature’s ability to support human life.
Conservation efforts to combat the effects of global warming involve protecting natural habitats and restoring damaged ecosystems.
Sustainable practices can help reduce global warming and protect biodiversity by promoting renewable energy, reducing waste, and conserving water.
▮ Questions:

How does global warming specifically impact different types of ecosystems, such as forests, oceans, and polar regions?

This question encourages learners to discuss the varied impacts of climate change on diverse ecosystems and the species that inhabit them.
What are the key challenges in predicting the impact of global warming on biodiversity?

Participants explore the complexities and uncertainties involved in forecasting climate change effects on biological diversity.
How can conservation efforts be designed to protect biodiversity in the face of global warming?

This prompts a discussion on effective strategies and actions for biodiversity conservation in a changing climate.
What role do individuals, communities, and governments play in mitigating global warming and its impacts on biodiversity?

Learners examine the responsibilities and actions of different societal levels in addressing climate change and conserving biodiversity.
Discuss the importance of biodiversity in maintaining ecosystem health and resilience against climate change.

This question invites learners to reflect on the vital role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning and the benefits it provides to humanity.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a particular species, ecosystem, or conservation strategy related to the impact of global warming on biodiversity that interests you. Discuss the specific challenges it faces, the implications for biodiversity and human well-being, and the measures being taken or proposed to protect it. Reflect on the broader lessons that can be learned about the relationship between climate change, biodiversity, and sustainability.

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Lesson 45. The Role of Media in Democracy (民主主義におけるメディアの役割)

Lesson 45. The Role of Media in Democracy (民主主義におけるメディアの役割)

▮ Explanatory Text:

The media plays a pivotal role in democratic societies by ensuring the free flow of information, providing a platform for public discourse, and acting as a watchdog on government and corporate powers. A healthy democracy relies on an informed electorate, and the media serves to educate citizens about issues, policies, and the actions of their leaders. However, the media landscape is changing with the advent of digital platforms, leading to challenges such as misinformation, media bias, and the erosion of traditional journalism standards. This topic explores the responsibilities of the media in upholding democratic values, the impact of social media on public opinion and political participation, and the challenges facing media organizations in maintaining objectivity and credibility.

▮ Common Phrases:

Freedom of the press is essential for…
Investigative journalism uncovers…
Media bias can influence public perception by…
Social media has transformed political engagement by…
The fight against misinformation requires…
▮ Example Sentences:

Freedom of the press is essential for holding governments accountable and protecting democratic freedoms.
Investigative journalism uncovers corruption and abuses of power, contributing to transparency and accountability.
Media bias can influence public perception by presenting information in a way that sways opinions toward a particular viewpoint.
Social media has transformed political engagement by facilitating direct communication between politicians and the public.
The fight against misinformation requires critical media literacy and fact-checking initiatives.
▮ Questions:

What are the key functions of the media in a democratic society, and why are they important?

This question encourages learners to discuss the fundamental roles of the media in supporting democracy and the importance of these roles in maintaining a healthy political environment.
How can media organizations balance the need for speed and accuracy in the digital age, especially with the rise of social media?

Participants explore the challenges media face in the digital era, including the pressure to publish quickly and the risks of spreading misinformation.
What impact does media bias have on democracy, and how can consumers of news discern bias in media reporting?

This prompts a discussion on the effects of media bias on public opinion and democracy, and strategies for identifying and mitigating bias.
Discuss the role of social media in shaping political discourse and its implications for democratic participation.

Learners examine the influence of social media on politics, including its potential to enhance or hinder democratic engagement.
What measures can be taken to combat misinformation and ensure the integrity of news in the digital era?

This question invites learners to reflect on solutions for addressing the spread of false information and maintaining journalistic standards online.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a recent example where the media played a crucial role in a democratic process, such as an election, a public policy debate, or a social movement. Discuss the media’s impact on the event, including any challenges related to misinformation, media bias, or public engagement. Reflect on how the media’s handling of the event illustrates its broader role in supporting or undermining democratic values.

Lesson 44. Sustainable Fashion (持続可能なファッション)

Lesson 44. Sustainable Fashion (持続可能なファッション)

▮ Explanatory Text:

Sustainable fashion is an approach to designing, producing, and consuming clothing that maximizes benefits to the environment and society while minimizing negative impacts. It encompasses a wide range of practices, from using eco-friendly materials and promoting ethical labor conditions to encouraging consumers to buy less and choose well. This movement challenges the traditional fast fashion model, which often involves rapid production cycles, low-quality garments, and unethical labor practices, contributing to environmental degradation and waste. Sustainable fashion aims to create a system that can be supported indefinitely in terms of human impact on the environment and social responsibility. This topic explores the principles of sustainable fashion, including material innovation, waste reduction, recycling and upcycling, and the shift towards a more conscious consumerism.

▮ Common Phrases:

Eco-friendly materials include…
The slow fashion movement advocates for…
Recycling and upcycling reduce waste by…
Ethical labor practices in the fashion industry ensure…
Conscious consumerism involves…
▮ Example Sentences:

Eco-friendly materials include organic cotton, bamboo, and recycled polyester.
The slow fashion movement advocates for buying fewer, higher quality items that last longer.
Recycling and upcycling reduce waste by transforming old garments into new products.
Ethical labor practices in the fashion industry ensure fair wages and safe working conditions for workers.
Conscious consumerism involves making informed decisions to support sustainable and ethical fashion brands.
▮ Questions:

What are the main environmental and social challenges associated with the traditional fashion industry?

This question encourages learners to discuss the negative impacts of fast fashion on the environment and society.
How can consumers contribute to the sustainable fashion movement?

Participants explore ways individuals can support sustainable fashion through their purchasing choices and behaviors.
What role do designers and brands play in promoting sustainable fashion, and what challenges do they face?

This prompts a discussion on the responsibilities of fashion designers and brands in adopting sustainable practices and the obstacles they encounter.
How does sustainable fashion influence trends and consumer attitudes towards clothing and consumption?

Learners examine the impact of sustainable fashion on changing consumer perceptions and the broader fashion trends.
Discuss the potential of technology and innovation in advancing sustainable fashion practices.

This question invites learners to reflect on how technological advancements can support sustainability in the fashion industry.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a specific aspect of sustainable fashion that interests you, such as a particular sustainable material, a fashion brand that exemplifies sustainable practices, or the role of legislation in promoting industry change. Discuss the significance of this aspect, including its benefits, challenges, and potential for wider impact. Reflect on how the shift towards sustainable fashion represents a change in the way we think about clothing, consumption, and our relationship with the environment.

Lesson 43. Sports and Society (スポーツと社会)

Lesson 43. Sports and Society (スポーツと社会)

▮ Explanatory Text:

Sports play a significant role in society, influencing cultural norms, social integration, and national identity. Beyond physical health benefits, sports offer a platform for community engagement, fostering teamwork, discipline, and leadership skills. They also serve as a microcosm for societal issues, reflecting and sometimes challenging inequalities, gender norms, and racial discrimination. High-profile sporting events can unify nations and promote international camaraderie, yet they also raise questions about commercialization, ethical standards, and the impact on host communities. This topic explores the multifaceted relationship between sports and society, including the social, economic, and political dimensions of sporting activities and their broader societal implications.

▮ Common Phrases:

Sports contribute to social cohesion by…
The commercialization of sports has led to…
Gender equality in sports challenges…
Sporting events can promote international understanding through…
The ethics of sportsmanship emphasize…
▮ Example Sentences:

Sports contribute to social cohesion by bringing together individuals from diverse backgrounds for a common purpose.
The commercialization of sports has led to significant investments in marketing, broadcasting rights, and athlete endorsements.
Gender equality in sports challenges traditional stereotypes and promotes inclusivity and diversity.
Sporting events can promote international understanding through the celebration of global talent and sportsmanship.
The ethics of sportsmanship emphasize fairness, respect, and integrity both on and off the field.
▮ Questions:

How do sports reflect and influence cultural values and societal norms?

This question encourages learners to discuss the role of sports in shaping and expressing cultural identities and social values.
What are the impacts of the commercialization of sports on athletes, fans, and the integrity of the games?

Participants explore the consequences of sports commercialization, including its benefits and drawbacks for various stakeholders.
How can sports be a vehicle for promoting gender equality and challenging stereotypes?

This prompts a discussion on the potential of sports to advance gender equality and break down gender-based barriers.
In what ways do international sporting events contribute to global peace and understanding?

Learners examine the role of sports in fostering international relations and enhancing mutual respect among nations.
Discuss the ethical considerations in sports, including doping, corruption, and the treatment of athletes.

This question invites learners to reflect on ethical issues in sports and consider solutions to uphold sportsmanship and integrity.
▮ Discussion Instructions:

Choose a specific issue related to sports and society that interests you, such as the role of sports in community development, the impact of sports on youth, or the influence of media on sports culture. Discuss the current state of this issue, including any controversies, challenges, and potential solutions. Reflect on how this issue illustrates the broader connection between sports and societal dynamics.

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