IELTS対策コラム

簡単なスコアアップのコツ! 自分のことをたずねてみる

Gladys   グラディス | IELTSインストラクター

    留学・ビジネス英語に強い オンライン英会話 マイチューター

 


▮ 自分のことをたずねてみる

IELTSスピーキングテスト Part1では、試験官は、受験者と挨拶を交わしてから、氏名および本人を確認します。それが済と、 直ぐにテストが始まります。 Part 1では、質問の全てが短文です。 試験官はごく身近なことをたずねてきます。 受験者やその家族、専攻科目や仕事のことなので、だれでも初対面で話すことです。 英語の基礎がしっかりしていれば問題なく答えられます。

Part2 では、試験官が選んだトピックについて、1〜2分、短いトークをします。トピックは、基本的に、受験者自身や受験者の日常生活、受験者の出身国に関するものです。 受験者はトピックカードを選ぶことはできませんが、イベント、思い出、人物など、具体的に何について話すかは自分で決めることができます。

Part2では、 Part1と違いやや長いトークになりますので、話の構成一貫性、話しぶりの流暢さが重要な評価要素のなります。

多くの受験者は英語そのものではなく、「何をどのような展開で話すか」に頭を悩ませます。 本番で悩まないためにも、普段から自分の経験や自分の仕事、学校、関心ごと、自分の国について考えをまとめておくようにしてください。 英語に集中するためにも自分自身のことをよく知ることです。

speaking 6

▮ 自分の中で重要なことを考える / 自分の人生で関心ある人物

Part 1では受験者自身の身近なこと(日常的なこと)について短く、簡単に答えていきますが、Part 2では、 受験者自身についての、イベント、思い出、人物、特定の活動や出来事、物や場所について短いトーク(約2分)を求められます。 あまり普段考えないことを英語ですらすらと話す問題ですか、 繰り返し練習が必要です。

それでは、次の2つのトピックで練習してみてください。

Think of important/interesting people in your life:

Ask yourself:

When did you meet them?

How long have you known them?

Why are they important/interesting?

Can you remember something you did together?

What about a conversation you had with them?

Think of important events in your life:

Ask yourself:

What it was?

Where did it happen?

Who were you with at the time?

What else was happening in your life then?

What one thing stands out in your memory about it?

How well do you remember it?

Think of places you have been to:

Ask yourself:

Where it was?

How did you get there?

In what detail can you describe the place?

Can you describe the general area it is in?

Would you want to go back there?

Think of your possessions:

Ask yourself:

How long have you owned it?

Where did you get it?

Is it special or something normal?
How often do you use it?

どうでしたか? IELTSスピーキング Part 2では、試験官が選んだトピックについて、短いトーク(約2分)をします。 試験官はあなたにトピックカードを渡しますが、そこには、トピックとそれに関連する質問が3つ書かれています。 それらの質問は、話の流れを作るヒントとなるもの(プロンプト)です。

別のカードに替えてもらうことはできません。 与えられたカードでテストは進行します。

トピックは完全に予測することはできませんが、よくでるものに関しては、 2分間で話せる内容(約150語〜200 語)を書いて、それを繰り返し音読してください。

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The first task on the IELTS speaking exam is to answer questions about your self. You will be questioned about general personal matters. This will give the examiner an insight into your use of the English language and also points or ideas to continue the conversation and move on to the next task.

The second task in the IELTS speaking exam is to speak about a topic that you are provided with. This means that you will be given a topic by the examiner and you will have to come up with content in your mind and structure and frame the information in grammatically correct sentences. You will be marked on the basis of your ability to speak clearly, use of grammar and language and thorough process.

One reason why some candidates have problems is not the language, but that they can’t think of things to say. The solution is simple – refresh your memory about important events in your life before the test.

 

Think of important/interesting people in your life:

Ask yourself:

When did you meet them?

How long have you known them?

Why are they important/interesting?

Can you remember something you did together?

What about a conversation you had with them?

Think of important events in your life:

Ask yourself:

What it was?

Where did it happen?

Who were you with at the time?

What else was happening in your life then?

What one thing stands out in your memory about it?

How well do you remember it?

Think of places you have been to:

Ask yourself:

Where it was?

How did you get there?

In what detail can you describe the place?

Can you describe the general area it is in?

Would you want to go back there?

Think of your possessions:

Ask yourself:

How long have you owned it?

Where did you get it?

Is it special or something normal?
How often do you use it?

Do you associate with someone else?

The idea is not so much to practice exam questions (it’s hard to predict those), but to practice speaking about your memories of people, events, places and things. Do that and the exam should be simpler as you have memories you can use. Write down some personal memories and then try speaking about them.

Question:

One of the 4 criteria the IELTS Speaking is assessed on is Grammatical Range & Accuracy . What does this mean?

a. Use a variety of sentence structures

b. Show your knowledge of English vocabulary by using a range of words.

c. Use synonyms, instead of repeating the same word over and over again.