Perfect Master (Basic) Question 4 レッスンの流れ

TOEFL スピーキング Question 4 学習ステップ

マイチューター 「TOEFL スピーキング Perfect Master (Basic)」

カリキュラムでは、Question 4  対策として、試験問題に比べ、




目標スコアー 61点(Speakingセクション 15点)を目指す受講者に適した


TOEFL初級者(例:英検準2級以下、TOEIC 500点以下)で

リスニングが苦手な方はリスニングのない「TOEFL特訓ゼミ Starter」



ステップ   1  リスニング &メモ取り アカデミックなトピックの講義を聞き概要をメモします。

ステップ   2   解答の構成  メモを使ってKey sentencesを書き出します。

ステップ  3   解答のスピーキング  質問に対し、メモを参考に解答します。

ステップ   4   比較と復習  模範解答を聞いて、自分の解答と比較します。  

▮ Listen

STEP 1 | Listening & Note Taking | Listen to a lecture , and take notes.


Have you heard about the positive externality effect? The positive externality effect is kind of a difficult theory to explain. Basically, it means that certain actions in society can help society as well as the individual. Let’s see. A common example is the flu shot. People can help themselves by getting a flu shot and keeping healthy. They might save some money by not missing work, avoiding the doctor and not having to pay for medicine. They also help society as a whole by not getting others sick. This is the positive externality effect. Of course, sometimes people don’t care about society and don’t get their shots. This hurts all of society, not just the individual. The government can help by reducing the costs of the shots or forcing people to get their shots.


Subject: Positive externality effect



Detail: Help self and society at same time



 STEP 2  |Organizing 解答の組み立て| Make key sentences using the above notes

Key sentences

❶ __________________________________________________________

❷ __________________________________________________________


STEP 3 |Response 解答| Make your response using the above information.


Using points and examples from the talk, explain the positive externality effect.

Your Response _________________________________________________



STEP 6  | Compare 比較 | Listen to a sample response, and compare it with yours.

Sample Response 模範解答

The positive externality effect is a theory that when one person or a group of people is helped by something, the effect that it has on them will positively affect society as a whole. When a person gets a flu shot for example, it helps the person who won’t get the flu and it also helps everyone else that the person might have infected to.