IELTS対策コラム

IELTSリーディング Tips⑦ 設問に集中する

ShanIELTSリーディング Tips 7    

Written/Edited by: Shanti Esther Bonachita

 留学・ビジネス英語に強い オンライン英会話 マイチューター


 ▮ 読む前に設問に集中する !

IELTSリーディングセクションは英文読解力を試すだけのテストではありません。むしろ英文全部を読む必要がない問題も多いのです。 本文を読む前に必ず設問に目を通してください。 設問から本文のどこを読むべきかを知ることが大切です。

本、新聞、雑誌などを根気よく読み続けることで、知らぬ間に読解力は身についているはずです。 IELTSリーディングテストでは読解力に加え、速読テクニックである「スキャニング」と「スキミング」を試すテストとも言えます。

問題文を全部読むことよりも「スキャニング」と「スキミング」を使って重要な情報を素早く見つけ出すことをIELTSはむしろ評価するんです。

IELTSリーディングの問題は難解で長文です。 多くの受験者にとって全文を読むには時間が足りません。 また、全文を読む必要はありません。  初めに設問に集中し、問題文のどこを読むべきかを知ることが大切なんです。  設問から「スキャニング」「スキミング」を使い素早く解答を探し出してください。

IELTSリーディングで点数が低い方は特に設問に集中することです。 また、IELTSリーディングテストは設問のパターンもありますので事前に熟知してください。

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After a severe reading of newspapers, magazines and books one must have improved the reading skills and speed. In this test, IELTS reading category does not asses your comprehension-not what you have understood, rather your skills in scanning and skimming.

The texts in IELTS are typically quite hard, so candidates spend as much time as possible reading the texts. One must focus on the question to avoid errors. Many candidates, especially for lower level, thinks that skimming through is more helpful when reading the questions first to get an idea of what to pay attention to in the reading passage.

During the preparation you must train yourself first and practice an “open book” tests where you can see the answers as you do the questions. Here are some points to remember:

  1. As advised, an IELTS taker must first read all the questions quickly to get an idea of what kind of information is required (whether scanning or skimming is needed). Focus exactly on what you are asked to do in ‘completion’ type questions. Make sure that you understand the questions and follow instructions carefully.

     

  2. Underline words in the text in the exam. As you read the questions, use a pencil to underline important information such as dates, places and names. Do not try and read every word; remember, you are reading for a purpose and do not worry if there is a word that you do not understand – you may not need to use it.

     

  3. Answer the questions one by one with the help of the underlined parts of the text. Having read the text once, you will find it easy to find specific information by scanning. If you do not know the answer to a question, attempt it but do not waste time; move quickly onto the next one.

     

  4. Check your answers.

When you practice, read the passage, answer the questions, compare your answers to the answers and pay attention to the mistakes. You need to understand why you got wrong answers and try to remember them so that you won’t make the same mistakes.

Question:

Is IELTS test the most difficult English test?

a. Yes

b. No

c. Maybe

バンド7.0の秘訣! イディオムを使って語彙力アピール

Gladysグラディス | IELTSインストラクター

Written/Edited by Gladys Glenda B. Rodriguez

留学・ビジネス英語に強い  オンライン英会話 マイチューター


▮ 一般的な語彙は避ける・イディオムを使いこなす

 

試験官は、受験者が言葉をたくさん知っているか、しかるべき単語やイディオムをしかるべきときに、しかるべき場所で使うことができるかを判定します。 同じ単語や表現を繰り返し使うと高得点は望めません。

また、一般的すぎる単語や表現もなるべく避けた方が良いでしょう。 語彙力の脆弱さと見られ得点は伸びません。 なるべく「less common expressions」を使うように心がけてください。 less common expressions と言っても、ネイティブでもあまり使わない語彙を使う必要はありません。 ネイティブが普段使う語彙の中でちっと上品な語彙を使うのです。

試験管に「豊富な語彙力と柔軟な言葉の使い方」をアピールできればスコアアップが期待できます。 「言い換え」や「同義語」を使った評価アップに加え、ここでは、少し気の利いた使える「イディオム」を覚えましょう。

 

 

speaking 8

1. “it’s on the tip of my tongue

 meaning you can almost remember something but not quite

(ここまで出かかっているんだけど、思い出せない)

 

実際、試験官がよくこのように質問してきます。

“Describe something you own which is important to you”

(あなたにとって大切なものを教えてください)

 

ほとんどの受験者は直ぐには答えられない質問です。こんなとき、答えが出るまでの間に、このイディオムを使い時間稼ぎと「語彙の豊富さ」をアピールします。

 

“… it is very important to me so I don’t leave it out where everyone can see it … I keep it in ….hmm … I keep it in … oh look …it is on the tip of my tongue….. you know …. that thing where people keep their clothes …. I keep it in there so it is safe and out of sight …..”

 

 

  1. in a nutshell” (‘to put it in a nut shell’)

( ~を簡単に言う、かいつまんで述べる )

 

“Can you describe the qualities of a good teacher?”

試験管からこんな質問をされたら、このイディオムを使ってこんな風に答え始めます。

 

“Well …to put it in a nutshell, if someone wants to be a teacher they MUST have a teacher’s heart. By this I mean …..”

 

  1. put my feet up” = to relax

(手足を投げ出して) 休む

 

“What do you enjoy about your job?”

試験管からこんな質問をされたら、このイディオムを使ってこんな風に答えます。

 

Most people are surprised when I tell them that I love the work and pressure in my job. I am the kind of person who feels guilty if I put my feet up and do nothing … I have always been like that … I actually enjoy the hard work and in MY job there’s lots of it! …..”

 

  1. to hang out with” = to spend time with

(〔友達と〕一緒に(ブラブラ)過ごす、たむろする◆目的を持った行動をしないで、一緒に時間を過ごすこと。)

 

“What do you usually do on weekends?”

 

試験管からこんな質問をされたら、このイディオムを使ってこんな風に答えます。

 

“Actually, I usually just stay at home, put my feet up and watch TV, but if I am hanging out with my friends we will often go shopping in Siam Square at the weekend or maybe ….”

 

  1. hit home” = something you have come to understand very well but (perhaps) didn’t realize at first

(ぐっとくる。 痛感する。~だとつくづく思う。)

 

“What kind of weather do you have in your country?”

試験管からこんな質問をされたら、このイディオムを使ってこんな風に答えます。

 

“Do you know …. Thailand has very hot weather … all year .. it is quite hot. It didn’t really hit home just how much I enjoy this type of weather until I started to think about going to the UK study. I am worried that it will be too cold there…. but … to answer your question … it is hot in Thailand … it is a tropical climate … …”

 

ielts speaking 21.jpg

 

▮ 中学で習った一般「語彙」だけではダメ!

 

「英会話の基本は中学で習った英語で十分」と言う人もいますが、これは日常会話で使う英語のことです。 IELTSテストをはじめ、受験者の「語彙力の豊富さ」を試される必要語彙力とは違います。

簡単で日常的に頻繁に使われる「単語」や「イディオム」だけでは、得点は伸びません。

 

一般的でないけれど、ネイティブの間では使われるイディオムをいくつか使えるようにしておくことであなたのスピーキング評価はアップします。

 

ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー

 

One of the key definitions of an advanced speaker of English is the ability to use idiomatic or less common expressions. This means the candidate has a wide/enough vocabulary that they can use some less common words. That doesn’t mean some big complex words that even native English speakers hardly ever use, it simply means words that accurately explain the meaning the candidate is trying to express but are above the level of basic vocabulary. Here are some examples:

 

1. “it’s on the tip of my tongue” meaning you can almost remember something but not quite

The examiner asks:

“Describe something you own which is important to you”

Candidate says:

“… it is very important to me so I don’t leave it out where everyone can see it … I keep it in ….hmm … I keep it in … oh look …it is on the tip of my tongue….. you know …. that thing where people keep their clothes …. I keep it in there so it is safe and out of sight …..”

 

2. “in a nutshell” (‘to put it in a nut shell’) = in brief, in short,in summary

The examiner asks:

“Can you describe the qualities of a good teacher?”

The candidate says:

“Well …to put it in a nutshell, if someone wants to be a teacher they MUST have a teacher’s heart. By this I mean …..”

 

3. “put my feet up” = to relax

Examiner asks:

“What do you enjoy about your job?”

Candidate answers:

Most people are surprised when I tell them that I love the work and pressure in my job. I am the kind of person who feels guilty if I put my feet upand do nothing … I have always been like that … I actually enjoy the hard work and in MY job there’s lots of it! …..”

 

4. “to hang out with” = to spend time with

Examiner asks:

“What do you usually do on weekends?”

Candidate says:

“Actually, I usually just stay at home, put my feet up and watch TV, but if I am hanging out with my friends we will often go shopping in Siam Square at the weekend or maybe ….”

 

5. “hit home” = something you have come to understand very well but (perhaps) didn’t realize at first

Examiner asks:

“What kind of weather do you have in your country?”

Candidate says:

“Do you know …. Thailand has very hot weather … all year .. it is quite hot. It didn’t really hit homejust how much I enjoy this type of weather until I started to think about going to the UK study. I am worried that it will be too cold there…. but … to answer your question … it is hot in Thailand … it is a tropical climate … …”

 

Learning to use even a few idioms well is enough to help get a good score. It takes hours and hours of practice. So you have to decide if you are prepared to put the time in to achieve good results.

 

Question:

How is IELTS Speaking marked?

a. The examiner will grade your speaking from 0 to 8.

b. The examiner will grade your speaking from 0 to 9.

c. The examiner will grade your speaking from 0 to 10.

バンド7.0の秘訣! 言い換え・同義語で「語彙力」をアピール

Gladysグラディス | IELTSインストラクター

Written/Edited by Gladys Glenda B. Rodriguez

留学・ビジネス英語に強い オンライン英会話 マイチューター


ielts speaking 7

 

 

▮ 言い換え・同義語で「語彙力」をアピール

 

スピーキングテスト受験者の多くが経験することですが、話の途中で「言いたい単語が出て来いない」ことがあります。テストに限らず、こんなことはよくありますよね。 テストでは「話しぶりの流暢さ」が 判定されますので、黙って考えてはいけません。 とにかく話を止めずに続けてください。 単語を思い出せなくても、何とか別の言葉でその場をしのぐ柔軟さも必要です。

また、高得点を目指すのなら、同じ単語や表現を2度繰り返さないようにしてください。同じ単語の繰り返しは「語彙力の貧弱さ」と判定され得点が伸びません。 評価基準の「Lexial Resource / Vocabulary・・語彙の豊富さ」に応えるため、同義語や言い換えはたくさん覚えておきましょう。

今回は、話を止めない、高得点を狙うための「言い換え」「同義語」について学習しましょう。

「同義語」の例:

1) advantages and disadvantages – pros and cons, benefits, fors and againsts, good and bad points, bonuses and drawbacks, etc.

2) ways – measures, steps, solutions, courses of action, steps, initiatives, etc.

3) difficult – hard, complicated, tough, complex, not simple, not straightforward, etc.

4) I think – in my opinion, for me, I imagine that, I believe that, from my point of view, if you ask me, in my mind, etc.

 

「同義語」や「言い換え」を使うことは「語彙の豊富さ」を試験管にアピールするでしょう。そしてあなたの評価が上がります。

また、「語彙の豊富さ」をアピールするために、一般的でない単語「less common vocabulary 」を使うのも良いでしょう。例えば、試験管から「“describe a car or motorbike that you would like to buy”  あなたが買いたい車やバイクを教えてください」と質問されたら、「… the kind of vehicle I’ve always wanted to buy is ….”」 と答えると良いでしょう。”vecle”はless common vocabularyです。 transport, transportationなども使えます。

 

▮ Less common vocabulary   一般的でない単語

もう一つ例を挙げますと、「あなたの favorite car は?」と聞かれたら、「トヨタカローラです」と答えると「語彙の豊富さ」をアピールできません。 以下のように答えると良いでしょう。

“My favorite car is Toyota Corolla. I love the Black color, actually my father was going

to buy a car last month and I advised him to buy Corolla, it is really nice”.

繰り返し申し上げますが、試験官は受験者の答えから「語彙の豊富さ」を採点しています。 できるだけ幅広い語彙を柔軟に使えるよう、日ごろから英語インストラクターと練習してみてください。

 

The most common problem amongst people is that people forget the words while they are speaking English. In order to overcome this problem you should have at least 3 similar words for each word you speak. By learning these similar words, you will never stop while speaking English. Show your knowledge of English vocabulary by using a range of words. Use synonyms, instead of repeating the same word over and over again. Example:

1) advantages and disadvantages – pros and cons, benefits, fors and againsts, good and bad points, bonuses and drawbacks, etc.

2) ways – measures, steps, solutions, courses of action, steps, initiatives, etc.

3) difficult – hard, complicated, tough, complex, not simple, not straightforward, etc.

4) I think – in my opinion, for me, I imagine that, I believe that, from my point of view, if you ask me, in my mind, etc.

Speak using less common vocabulary, your ability to show that you know a greater variety of vocabulary than just basic words. For example, the you might be asked to “describe a car or motorbike that you would like to buy” and if you answered something like:

… the kind of vehicle I’ve always wanted to buy is ….”

The word ‘vehicle’ is less common vocabulary. You can also use transport, transportation, etc. You should have the ability to describe things. If the examiner asks you about your favorite car and you simply say, “Toyota Corolla”, wouldn’t be of great help to your score. You should say,

“My favorite car is Toyota Corolla. I love the Black color, actually my father was going

to buy a car last month and I advised him to buy Corolla, it is really nice”.

It is important to have a flexible use of a wide range of vocabulary as the examiner will be looking for this.

Question:

One of the 4 criteria the IELTS Speaking is assessed on is Pronunciation . What does this mean?

a. Your pronunciation score is based on clarity and on speed.

b. Your pronunciation score is based on word stress, sentence stress and intonation.

c. both a and b