IELTS対策コラム

バンド7.0の秘訣! 言い換え・同義語で「語彙力」をアピール

Gladysグラディス | IELTSインストラクター

Written/Edited by Gladys Glenda B. Rodriguez

留学・ビジネス英語に強い オンライン英会話 マイチューター


ielts speaking 7

 

 

▮ 言い換え・同義語で「語彙力」をアピール

 

スピーキングテスト受験者の多くが経験することですが、話の途中で「言いたい単語が出て来いない」ことがあります。テストに限らず、こんなことはよくありますよね。 テストでは「話しぶりの流暢さ」が 判定されますので、黙って考えてはいけません。 とにかく話を止めずに続けてください。 単語を思い出せなくても、何とか別の言葉でその場をしのぐ柔軟さも必要です。

また、高得点を目指すのなら、同じ単語や表現を2度繰り返さないようにしてください。同じ単語の繰り返しは「語彙力の貧弱さ」と判定され得点が伸びません。 評価基準の「Lexial Resource / Vocabulary・・語彙の豊富さ」に応えるため、同義語や言い換えはたくさん覚えておきましょう。

今回は、話を止めない、高得点を狙うための「言い換え」「同義語」について学習しましょう。

「同義語」の例:

1) advantages and disadvantages – pros and cons, benefits, fors and againsts, good and bad points, bonuses and drawbacks, etc.

2) ways – measures, steps, solutions, courses of action, steps, initiatives, etc.

3) difficult – hard, complicated, tough, complex, not simple, not straightforward, etc.

4) I think – in my opinion, for me, I imagine that, I believe that, from my point of view, if you ask me, in my mind, etc.

 

「同義語」や「言い換え」を使うことは「語彙の豊富さ」を試験管にアピールするでしょう。そしてあなたの評価が上がります。

また、「語彙の豊富さ」をアピールするために、一般的でない単語「less common vocabulary 」を使うのも良いでしょう。例えば、試験管から「“describe a car or motorbike that you would like to buy”  あなたが買いたい車やバイクを教えてください」と質問されたら、「… the kind of vehicle I’ve always wanted to buy is ….”」 と答えると良いでしょう。”vecle”はless common vocabularyです。 transport, transportationなども使えます。

 

▮ Less common vocabulary   一般的でない単語

もう一つ例を挙げますと、「あなたの favorite car は?」と聞かれたら、「トヨタカローラです」と答えると「語彙の豊富さ」をアピールできません。 以下のように答えると良いでしょう。

“My favorite car is Toyota Corolla. I love the Black color, actually my father was going

to buy a car last month and I advised him to buy Corolla, it is really nice”.

繰り返し申し上げますが、試験官は受験者の答えから「語彙の豊富さ」を採点しています。 できるだけ幅広い語彙を柔軟に使えるよう、日ごろから英語インストラクターと練習してみてください。

 

The most common problem amongst people is that people forget the words while they are speaking English. In order to overcome this problem you should have at least 3 similar words for each word you speak. By learning these similar words, you will never stop while speaking English. Show your knowledge of English vocabulary by using a range of words. Use synonyms, instead of repeating the same word over and over again. Example:

1) advantages and disadvantages – pros and cons, benefits, fors and againsts, good and bad points, bonuses and drawbacks, etc.

2) ways – measures, steps, solutions, courses of action, steps, initiatives, etc.

3) difficult – hard, complicated, tough, complex, not simple, not straightforward, etc.

4) I think – in my opinion, for me, I imagine that, I believe that, from my point of view, if you ask me, in my mind, etc.

Speak using less common vocabulary, your ability to show that you know a greater variety of vocabulary than just basic words. For example, the you might be asked to “describe a car or motorbike that you would like to buy” and if you answered something like:

… the kind of vehicle I’ve always wanted to buy is ….”

The word ‘vehicle’ is less common vocabulary. You can also use transport, transportation, etc. You should have the ability to describe things. If the examiner asks you about your favorite car and you simply say, “Toyota Corolla”, wouldn’t be of great help to your score. You should say,

“My favorite car is Toyota Corolla. I love the Black color, actually my father was going

to buy a car last month and I advised him to buy Corolla, it is really nice”.

It is important to have a flexible use of a wide range of vocabulary as the examiner will be looking for this.

Question:

One of the 4 criteria the IELTS Speaking is assessed on is Pronunciation . What does this mean?

a. Your pronunciation score is based on clarity and on speed.

b. Your pronunciation score is based on word stress, sentence stress and intonation.

c. both a and b